Environmental degradation and climate change destroy children’s rights

ABSTRACT

Climate change poses a direct threat to a child’s ability to survive, grow and thrive. Extreme weather phenomena, such as hurricanes and heat waves, are increasing in frequency and intensity, threatening children’s lives and destroying infrastructure vital to their well-being.
Floods also weaken water and sanitation facilities.

Which leads to the spread of diseases such as cholera, which poses a significant danger to children in particular.
Children are the least responsible group for climate change, but they bear the greatest damage from its effects. Drought and global change in rainfall lead to crop failures and increase food prices, which means food insecurity and food deprivation for the poor, and this may lead to life-long effects, in addition to Destruction of livelihoods, increased migration and conflict, children are the most vulnerable to diseases that will increase in prevalence as a result of climate change, such as malaria and dengue fever. Children under the age of five bear nearly 90 percent of the burden of diseases that can be attributed to climate change.

 

Climate change and children’s rights

The causes of air pollution are the same as what causes climate change.
About two million children live in areas where air pollution levels exceed standards set by the World Health Organization, forcing them to breathe toxic air and putting their health and brains at risk.

More than half a million children under the age of five die annually from air pollution-related causes, and more of them will suffer permanent damage to their brains and lungs. Pneumonia remains one of the main infectious diseases that cause death among children under the age of five, as it causes the death of up to 2 400 children per day.

Child deaths from pneumonia are strongly associated with undernutrition, indoor air pollution, and lack of access to health care, all of which are exacerbated by climate change. This is the first time that a global generation of children will grow up in a much more dangerous and less certain world. As a result of climate change and environmental degradation.
Vulnerable children face a higher risk, as the poorest families find it more difficult to withstand shocks. The most vulnerable children are losing their homes, health and education. Approximately 785 million people lack access to basic water services. By 2040, 600 million children are expected to live in areas that exceed demand for water. The water is in it with the amount of available resources, and without any measures being taken at the moment

Climate change will exacerbate the inequality that children face and future generations will suffer from. Lack of water resources threatens to kill 600 million children.
There is strong and growing evidence of climate change and air pollution on children. Time is running out quickly to do what is needed to address it.
According to the latest research from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, we have less than 11 years to make the necessary transformation to avoid the worst effects of climate change.
It is necessary to reduce the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by 45 percent by 2030 to prevent global warming from exceeding 1.5 degrees Celsius, in other words we can avoid the worst effects of climate change if we do not exceed it.
Addressing climate change and limiting its impacts are necessary to protect the children of the world and establish their rights.

The solution :

Climate action provides an exceptional opportunity to unleash enormous economic and social benefits that can help us achieve sustainable development goals. Addressing sustainability challenges is a prerequisite.

1-Putting children at the center of strategies and response plans for climate change
2- Recognizing children as agents of change
3- Protecting children from the effects of climate change and environmental degradation
4- Reducing emissions and pollution.

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